Hokusai 葛飾北齋:NHK - The Lost Hokusai Documentary 長野県小布施
21:33 1 99 葛飾北齋と浮世絵 2017-09-15 漢清講堂 Hokusai 葛飾北齋: 夕陽富士山；“Until the age of 70, nothing I drew was worthy of…
• 日本人一絲不苟地對待棒球這項運動，包括球棒的回收和再利用。他們收集每一根損毀的球棒，切割、打磨、拋光、上漆，最終製成筷子 。棒球明星大谷翔平、松井秀喜等人使用過的廢棄球棒也因此迎來新生。
• 男女的概念過時了？日本早已湧現出一批“無性別男孩”，他們化妝、做美甲、著裝風格女性化，但內心其實“是個男人”。學者認為這模糊了傳統的兩性界限，也有人認為年輕人正用服裝挑戰呆板的社會秩序。來看看日本模特和流行樂團成員佐佐木托曼的故事 。
張貼者： hanching chung 於 下午7:09
Top 10 books about Japan
Taking in folklore, history and the world’s first novel, here is some of the best reading about an endlessly inventive country
Wed 21 Nov 2018 11.48 GMT Last modified on Wed 21 Nov 2018 11.53 GMT
Japan has a birthday this year. It’s 150 years since rebel samurai overthrew the old Tokugawa Shogunate, marched – or, rather, palanquined – a teenage emperor into the newly named city of “Tokyo”, and made him their figurehead as they set about transforming their country. Western warships had recently been menacing Japanese shores, not so much offering friendship as insisting on it at the point of a gun. If Japan’s new leaders were to avoid becoming next on colonialism’s to-do list, a rapid programme of modernisation was called for: factories and weapons; mines and offices; trains, trams, trade.
How do you persuade a population used to thinking in regional rather than national terms, and who have next to no idea who you are, to cooperate in all this? To pay taxes, to join your army, to send their children to new national schools? One way is to tell stories. About Japan as a place especially blessed, perhaps even by the gods. About a country destined one day to become a beacon of modernity in Asia – if only people would put the effort in now.
In Japan Story, I set out to trace the extraordinary influence of these two tales in shaping modern Japan and its image around the world, across a tumultuous century-and-a-half. I wanted to explore, too, the fascinating range of alternative stories that people in modern Japan have told about their country: visions of what they hoped it might become, playing out across politics and music, art and philosophy, family and work, dance and religion, literature, folklore and film.
Here are 10 books that offer a taste of this rich and plural, endlessly inventive place:
1. Legends of Tōno 《遠野物語》by Kunio Yanagita 柳田 國男
Collected by Japan’s first folklorist in the early years of the 20th century, these are traditional tales of the strange, the supernatural and the monstrous, told by people from the northern village of Tōno. Yanagita worried that the corruptions of the modern city – from office drudgery to an unpleasant me-first individualism – would soon claim these rural people too, so he wanted to capture their way of living and relating to the world before it was too late.
2. Kokoro by Natsume Sōseki 心 夏目漱石
Often billed as Japan’s answer to Charles Dickens, Sōseki was a shrewd, sophisticated chronicler of his country’s early dealings with the modern west. He claimed that anyone trying to live a civilised life amid Japan’s hasty and superficial attempts to play industrial catch-up would inevitably lose their minds. Which he himself did, while studying in London. Sōseki poured all his angst and insights into his great psychological novel about “The Heart of Things”: the story of a group of Tokyoites caught between the old ways and the new.
3. Rashōmon and Seventeen Other Stories by Ryūnosuke Akutagawa
Akutagawa was already a star author when he took his own life in 1927, at the age of just 35. The “vague anxiety” about the future that he described in his suicide note seemed later to mark a tipping point for Japan: from an era of trial-and-error democratisation and cosmopolitanism into something darker and more inward-looking, leading eventually to terrible conflict. This collection features an excellent introduction to Akutagawa and his times by a star author of a later era: Haruki Murakami. More importantly, it features the short story Spinning Gears: a terrifying (self-)portrait of a man at the end of his tether: rifling through bookshop shelves “like a compulsive gambler”, riding Tokyo trains and taxis back and forth, trying to make life tolerable a little while longer. Not much longer, as it turned out. Akutagawa died soon after finishing this final story.
4. The Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu
The observational style used by Sōseki and Akutagawa, sometimes painfully acute, owed a great deal to a tradition in Japan going back almost a millennium: to Sei Shōnagon’s The Pillow Book and a little later to The Tale of Genji – seen by some as the world’s first novel. Written by a lady-in-waiting at Japan’s 11th-century imperial court in Heian (modern Kyoto), it tells the story of an impossibly perfect prince, offering along the way a series of razor-sharp observations on the psychological foibles and social failings of those around him.
5. Kyoto: A Cultural and Literary History by John Dougill
“City of Genji” has its own section in this excellent guide to Kyoto: the ideal blend of history, culture, religious practice and belief, architecture, and the everyday. Dougill has a knack of throwing in comparative western references at just right the moment, from Geoffrey Chaucer to what was happening in Europe when some big event in Kyoto’s history came to pass.
Toshiro Mifuner and Richard Chamberlain in the 1980 TV adaptation of James Clavell’s Shogun.
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A notoriously difficult genre … Toshiro Mifuner and Richard Chamberlain in the 1980 TV adaptation of James Clavell’s Shogun. Photograph: Cine Text/Allstar/Sportsphoto Ltd
6. Shogun by James Clavell and The Shogun’s Queen by Lesley Downer
Two fabulous examples of a notoriously difficult genre, featuring as a joint entry here because they tell the story of Japan’s first Shogun and one of its last. Clavell traces the journey of an English sailor in late 16th-century Japan as he becomes part of a feudal lord’s bid for control of the whole country. It is based on the friendship of William Adams with Tokugawa Ieyasu, the first of the Tokugawa Shoguns. Downer explores the power of women in shaping the final years of the Shogunate, with her take on the story – enormously popular in Japan – of Atsuhime: a young samurai girl from south-western Japan who ends up at the very centre of the action in Edo (modern-day Tokyo) in the 1850s, as foreigners start to crowd around and the world begins to fall in.
7. Embracing Defeat by John Dower
One of the classic works of modern Japanese history. A vivid, all-encompassing account of a country picking itself up off its knees in the wake of the second world war. Dower traces everything from epic destruction – the aftermath of Hiroshima, Nagasaki, and the firebombing of Tokyo – down to the everyday inventiveness of starving people. And he explores the US’s radical attempt to recreate Japan in its own image, during the years of occupation from 1945 to 1952.
8. A Tokyo Romance by Ian Buruma
A memoir of Japanese counterculture in the 1970s, by someone who experienced it as an impressionable and often rather overwhelmed young man. Buruma hangs out with a theatre troupe trying to push against the plush, hushed soullessness of modern kabuki performances, returning instead to the itinerant “riverbed beggar” tradition out of which it first grew. The legendary choreographer Tatsumi Hijikata, creator of Ankoku Butō – the “Dance of Darkness” inspired by Japan’s shamanic tradition – is delighted to discover that this young man’s name sounds a lot like “bloomers”. He insists on calling him “Pants” thereafter.
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9. Dogs and Demons: The Fall of Modern Japan by Alex Kerr
Frustration, anger, and incredulity course through this powerful book by one of the best-known western critics of late 20th-century Japan’s construction boom: propping up an ailing economy by way of enormous and, for Kerr, largely unnecessary infrastructure projects. Roads to nowhere and bridges to uninhabited islands; sterile concrete tetrapods littering what ought to be beautiful beaches. Kerr has since found success as a restorer of traditional homes, bringing in tourism to help revive parts of rural Japan that had been on the verge of dying out.
10. Strange Weather in Tokyo by Hiromi Kawakami
To finish: a contemporary love story, between a woman in her late 30s and her old high-school teacher. Set in one of Tokyo’s numerous small bars, the drama is marinated in beer, saké, miso soup, humour, poetry, and wonderfully warm, comforting conversation.
• Japan Story: In Search of a Nation by Christopher Harding is published by Penguin, priced £25. It is available from the Guardian bookshop for £22, including free UK p&p.
張貼者： hanching chung 於 下午10:05
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ronald Philip Dore CBE FBA (1 February 1925 – 14 November 2018) was a British sociologist specialising in Japanese economy and society and the comparative study of types of capitalism. He was an associate of the Centre for Economic Performance at the London School of Economics and was a fellow of the British Academy, the Japan Academy, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. The citation for his eminent scholar award from the Academy of International Business describes him as "an outstanding scholar whose deep understanding of the empirical phenomena he studied and ability to build on it to develop theoretical contributions are highly respected not only by sociologists but also by economists, anthropologists, historians, and comparative business systems scholars".
- Life in a Tokyo Ward. 1958.
- British Factory, Japanese Factory. 1973.
- The Diploma Disease. 1976.
- Shinohata, a portrait of a Japanese village. 1978.
- "Goodwill and the spirit of market capitalism". British Journal of Sociology. 1983.
- Education in Tokugawa Japan. 1984.
- Flexible Rigidities. 1986.
- Stock Market Capitalism, Welfare Capitalism: Japan and Germany versus the Anglo-Saxons. 2000.
- 『都市の日本人』青井和夫・塚本哲人訳 岩波書店 1962
- 『日本の農地改革』並木正吉,高木径子,蓮見音彦訳 岩波書店 1965
- 『江戸時代の教育』 松居弘道訳 岩波書店 1970
- 『学歴社会新しい文明病』松居弘道訳、岩波現代選書 1978 /新版 同時代ライブラリー / 特装版岩波現代選書 / 岩波モダンクラシックス
- 『貿易摩擦の社会学 イギリスと日本』 田丸延男訳 岩波新書 1986
- 『イギリスの工場・日本の工場 労使関係の比較社会学』山之内靖・永易浩一訳 筑摩書房 1987 / ちくま学芸文庫
- 『21世紀は個人主義の時代か 西欧の系譜と日本』加藤幹雄訳 サイマル出版会 1991
- 『「こうしよう」と言える日本』朝日新聞社 1993
- 『不思議な国日本』筑摩書房 1994
- 『「公」を「私」すべからず やっぱり不思議な国日本』筑摩書房 1997
- 『日本型資本主義と市場主義の衝突 日・独対アングロサクソン』藤井眞人訳 東洋経済新報社 2001
- 『働くということ グローバル化と労働の新しい意味』石塚雅彦訳 中公新書 2005
- 『誰のための会社にするか』岩波新書 2006
- 『金融が乗っ取る世界経済 21世紀の憂鬱』中公新書 2011
- 『日本の転機 ─米中の狭間でどう生き残るか』ちくま新書 2012
- 『幻滅 外国人社会学者が見た戦後日本70年』藤原書店 2014
- 『戦後の日本 転換期を迎えて 国際シンポジウム』 加藤周一 講談社現代新書 1978
- 『日本型資本主義なくしてなんの日本か』 深田祐介共著 光文社 1993
- 『シンポジウム 共生への志 心のいやし、魂の鎮めの時代に向けて』 大江健三郎, プラティープ・ウンソンタム・秦 [ほか著] 岩波ブックレット 2001
- 『日本を問い続けて 加藤周一、ロナルド・ドーアの世界』 岩波書店 2004
- 『日本との対話』 岩波書店 1994 ［不服の諸相］
- 『国際・学際研究システムとしての日本企業』 青木昌彦共編 NTT出版 1995
- 『日本を問う日本に問う』 岩波書店 1997 ［不服の諸相 ; 続］
- 『NHK 100年インタビュー』 2010年10月28日（木）午後8:00～9:29 NHK BShi
VOX POPULI: U.K. researcher Dore traced slide of corporate values in Japan
張貼者： hanching chung 於 上午12:35
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週五， 日本首相安倍晉三(Shinzo Abe)在澳大利亞北部港口城市達爾文會見了澳大利亞總理斯科特·莫里森 (Scott Morrison)，這是日本領導人首次訪問這座在第二次世界大戰期間曾遭到日本空襲打擊的城市。
週五，日本首相安倍晉三和澳大利亞總理斯科特·莫里森在澳大利亞達爾文市的戰爭紀念碑前獻了花圈。這座城市曾是第二次世界大戰中日本的空襲目標。 Pool photo by Rick Rycroft
Jamie Tarabay自澳大利亞悉尼、Choe Sang-Hun 自韓國首爾報導。 Luz Ding自北京對本文有報導貢獻。
張貼者： hanching chung 於 下午7:10