2012年9月25日 星期二


China hits back at Japan PM's statement on islands
BEIJING (AP) -- China on Thursday attacked Japan's prime minister as obstinate and wrong for saying his nation won't compromise in their dispute over who owns tiny islands in the East China Sea. Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda said in New York ...
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Japan hangs cult leader blamed for killing 6 in exorcisms, 2nd inmate who ...
Washington Post
TOKYO — Japan executed two people Thursday, including a 65-year old female cult leader convicted of six murders that took place during supposed exorcisms. The Justice Ministry said 65-year-old Sachiko Eto and 39-year-old Yukinori Matsuda were ...
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Japanese Tourists Are No Longer No. 1
Wall Street Journal (blog)
While South Korea's territorial dispute with Japan hasn't had any significant impact on economic ties, it may be helping accelerate a long-term trend: a relative slowdown in the number of Japanese tourists visiting South Korea compared with those from ...
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Wall Street Journal (blog)
China, Japan stand their ground in islands row, but keep talking
Chicago Tribune
BEIJING/TOKYO (Reuters) - China claimed islands at the core of a row with Japan as its "sacred territory" in talks between the two countries' foreign ministers, Chinese state media said on Wednesday, as neither side showed any sign of backing down in a ...
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Japan's opposition picks nationalist former prime minister as leader
San Jose Mercury News
TOKYO -- Shinzo Abe, a nationalist former prime minister, won the race to lead Japan's main opposition party on Wednesday, giving him a chance of regaining the nation's top job -- a prospect that could exacerbate Tokyo's tense relations with China and ...
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Japan's Nikkei flat as euro zone worries weigh
Gree, DeNA suffer from spectre of NTT DoCoMo competition * China-related stocks bounce back * Sharp down, may lose solar business in Europe, United States By Sophie Knight TOKYO, Sept 27 (Reuters) - Japan's Nikkei share average struggled to gain ...
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Japan Stock Futures Drop on Growth Concern, Spanish Riots
Japanese and Australian stock futures fell as data from the U.S. to Italy added to concern that global economic growth is waning and Spanish borrowing costs soared amid violent protests against austerity measures. American Depositary Receipts of Canon ...
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Japan's car makers face gloomy outlook
TOKYO--Japanese car makers Wednesday reported relatively solid production in August in their domestic market, but they face a gloomier outlook after the expiration of a government subsidy program raised the prospect of an imminent slump in domestic ...
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Japan's Aug LNG imports rise 2.4% on month to 7.32 mil mt on summer demand
Japan's August LNG imports rose 2.4% from July to 7.32 million mt, as the country entered its peak summer demand season during the month, customs data released Thursday by the Ministry of Finance showed. This extended the month-on-month gains in ...
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Japan Steps Away from Nuclear Power
Resource Investor
As Japan and France move away from nuclear energy, is it the endgame for nuclear proponents? As the world slouches into the 21st century, one of the global economic realities is that more and more developing nations, much less the "First World," are ...
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Japan, China foreign ministers meet in New York over island dispute
Washington Post
NEW YORK — The top diplomats of China and Japan went a little way to patching up ties frayed by an island dispute that has sparked violent anti-Japan demonstrations but appeared no closer to resolving their conflicting claims. China's Yang Jiechi and ...
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Japan auto makers to slow output in China amid darkened outlook
BEIJING (Reuters) - Japanese automakers including Toyota Motor Corp (7203.T) and Nissan Motor Co. (7201.T) are cutting back production in China in the wake of anti-Japan protests that shuttered dealerships and darkened their sales outlook in the world ...
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UPDATE 4-Japan opposition gives ex-PM Abe second chance amid China feud
Ex-PM Abe wins LDP leadership vote, gets second shot at premiership. * LDP leads in polls, putting new leader in position to become next PM. * Abe most hawkish on China among contenders. * Abe seen demanding more BOJ action on economy (Updates ...
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China-Japan Spat Drags Tokyo Shares
Wall Street Journal
Asian markets fell on Wednesday as stocks in Japan and Hong Kong dropped with the ongoing territorial dispute with China continuing to weigh on sentiment, while official comments Tuesday overnight cast doubt on the power of central banks to stimulate ...
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Japan's Confidence Poised to Weaken in Warning for BOJ: Economy
The Bank of Japan (8301)'s Tankan report will show Oct. 1 that its measure of business confidence deteriorated to -4, the fourth straight quarter that pessimists outnumbered optimists, according to the median of 12 estimates in a Bloomberg News survey.
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Japan Bond Risk Nears Year-High as China Hongqiao Markets Debt
Japanese corporate bond risk rose to the highest in almost a year ahead of a survey expected to show deteriorating confidence among manufacturers. China Hongqiao Group Ltd. (1378), Malaysia's Sarawak state and Industrial Bank of Korea (024110) are ...
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Japan Stocks Drop as 900 Shares on Topix Go Ex-Dividend
Japanese stocks fell, with the Topix (TPX) Index falling the most since May 18, as more than 900 companies on the Topix trade ex-dividend today, and amid concern stimulus from central banks in the U.S., Europe and Asia won't do enough to revive global ...
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WRAPUP 5-China carrier a show of force as Japan tension festers
Carrier is a refitted Ukraine vessel. * Wen says enhances defensive power, overall strength. * Launch coincides with Japan-China spat over islands. By Kiyoshi Takenaka and Terril Yue Jones. TOKYO/BEIJING, Sept 25 (Reuters) - China sent its first ...
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Japan's Uniqlo expands in U.S. suburbs
NEW YORK (MarketWatch) — In hopes of luring today's fickle shoppers, most clothiers boast of stocking a wider range of fashion choices. Uniqlo is going the opposite direction. Under the banner “Made for All,” the rapidly expanding Japanese retailer is ...
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Controversial Japanese Fast Breeder Reactor Preparing for Re-start
Voice of America
There has been an on-going debate in Japan on the best way to obtain a safe and affordable energy supply for the island nation. The nuclear option suffered a set back in March, 2011, when a massive earthquake and devastating tsunami caused a meltdown ...
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Japan, Taiwan Trade Water Cannon Fire Near Disputed Islands
Voice of America
Japanese and Taiwanese coast guard vessels exchanged water cannon blasts Tuesday in the East China Sea, further complicating a tense territorial dispute that has also upset Japan-China relations. The tussle, which was shown on Japanese television, ...
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Voice of America
China carrier a show of force as Japan tension festers
TOKYO/BEIJING (Reuters) - China sent its first aircraft carrier into formal service on Tuesday amid a tense maritime dispute with Japan in a show of force that could worry its neighbors. China's Ministry of Defense said the newly named Liaoning ...虛張聲勢:中国首艘航母实际意义不大
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Ex-President of Japan's Olympus Pleads Guilty
Wall Street Journal
Associated Press. TOKYO—Former Olympus Corp. President Tsuyoshi Kikukawa admitted guilt Tuesday in a cover-up of massive investment losses at the Japanese camera and medical-equipment maker. The scandal emerged last year when Michael ...
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Wall Street Journal
Japan's Sharp to slash workforce by 11000: report
Struggling Sharp Corp. plans to slash a total of 10,966 employees in Japan and overseas, while selling its assets to generate Y213.1 billion by the end of March next year, according to the company's restructuring plan obtained by Kyodo News on Tuesday.
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Japan still afflicted by tsunami
Youngstown Vindicator
Summer took its own sweet time leaving Japan this year. Late into September, workers and students riding the always-busy subway cars across the vast expanse of Tokyo carried small towels to wipe away the beads of sweat that gathered on their brows.
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Most Asia Ex-Japan Stocks Slide on Europe, Growth Concern
Most Asian stocks outside Japan fell after weaker German business confidence stoked concern that Europe's debt crisis is causing a broader economic slowdown. Japanese shares rose ahead of a deadline for dividend payments. BHP Billiton Ltd. (BHP), the ...
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Japan PM may tap senior politician Okada as finance minister: media
TOKYO (Reuters) - Japan's prime minister might replace his finance minister with Katsuya Okada, a newspaper reported on Tuesday, a senior politician in the ruling Democratic Party who shares the view that a strong yen is a threat to the economy. Okada ...
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Japan to see milder to normal weather this winter
TOKYO, Sept 25 (Reuters) - Japan will see mostly milder to normal weather this winter, potentially decreasing demand for electricity and kerosene for heating, official forecaster the Japan Meteorological Agency said on Tuesday. Japan managed to avoid a ...
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Renesas Blow Doesn't Mean Japan Is Closed to Private Equity
Wall Street Journal
Japan's private-equity market is tiny by global standards—one seventeenth of the size of the sector in the U.S., according to data from Dealogic. The government's apparent attempt to block KKR's $1.3 billion bid for struggling chipmaker Renesas ...
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Japan's Nuclear Exit Extending Record Profit for Golar: Freight
Just two of Japan's 50 nuclear plants restarted since the earthquake and tsunami in March 2011, eliminating almost 30 percent of the country's power supply. While global LNG output has never been higher, the tanker fleet has failed to keep pace ...
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Japan protests as Chinese ships enter disputed waters
TOKYO (Reuters) - Three Chinese ships briefly entered what Japan considers its territorial waters near disputed islands in the East China Sea on Monday, prompting an official protest from Tokyo and renewed diplomatic efforts to cool tensions between ...
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Japan's Noda Vows Quick End to Deflation
Wall Street Journal
TOKYO—Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda vowed to pull the country out of prolonged deflation within a year, pledging to strengthen efforts with the Bank of Japan. Mr. Noda's comments, which come after the BOJ took unexpectedly aggressive easing ...
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Japan PM Warns China on Dispute
Wall Street Journal
Japan is simultaneously ensnared in an increasingly bitter tiff with another neighbor, South Korea, over a separate territorial argument as well as a debate over whether Japan has made adequate amends for its World War II aggression. Mr. Noda made ...
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Wall Street Journal
Japanese Stocks Drop on Europe Crisis Deadlock, China
Japanese stocks fell, with the Nikkei 225 Stock Average (NKY) close to erasing its gain this quarter, on concern that the outlook for exporters is dimming amid slower growth in China and squabbling by European policy makers. Brother Industries Ltd ...
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Japan's Teachers Fund to Start Investing in REITs, Hedge Funds
Japan's Teachers' Mutual Aid Co- operative Society, with about 600 billion yen ($7.6 billion), will start investing in real estate investment trusts and hedge funds as it seeks to diversify risks and boost returns. The pension fund plans to add about ...
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China-Japan Islands Dispute Stokes S. Korean Tourism Boom
Chinese travel agents have canceled Japan tours and China Southern Airlines Co. and Japan Airlines Co. have cut flights because of a demand slump. More than 40 percent of Chinese holidays booked in Japan during the weeklong vacation could be ...
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GLOBAL MARKETS-Asian shares, riskier assets fall; growth concerns in focus
MSCI Asia ex-Japan eases 0.4 pct, Nikkei hits 1-week low. * Dollar index rises, drags down oil, copper and gold. * Euro, Australian dollar decline, yen favoured. * German IFO business survey for September due 0800 GMT. * European shares set to fall ...
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Japan Stock Futures Drop as Europe Debt Talks Deadlocked
Japanese stock futures fell amid concern that talks among European leaders to resolve the region's debt crisis are deadlocked, curbing the earnings outlook for Asian exporters. Australian equity futures were little changed. American Depositary Receipts ...
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Japan to sharpen teeth against Wales in June
Chicago Tribune
TOKYO (Reuters) - Asian champions Japan will face the fire of World Cup semi-finalists Wales in a two-match home test series next June, the Japan Rugby Football Union (JRFU) said on Monday. The "Brave Blossoms" will take on the world's sixth-ranked ...
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Carlyle-backed Japan firm drops plan for up to $555 million IPO
TOKYO (Reuters) - Carlyle Group-backed Japanese ball-bearings maker Tsubaki Nakashima Co has called off an up to $555 million initial public offering, citing weak market conditions, marking another failed attempt by the U.S. private equity firm to list ...
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台湾の漁船も・・・約60隻が尖閣へ 漁業権を主張(12/09/24)
Loading... There is no Interactive Transcript. Published on Sep 23, 2012 by ANNnewsCH. 台湾からは、尖閣諸島へ向けて約60隻の漁船が24日に出港する見通しです。 ・・・記事の続き、その他のニュースはコチラから! [テレ朝news] http://www.tv-asahi.co.jp/ann/ ...
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TBS News-i
Alert icon. Sign in or sign up now! Alert icon. Loading... There is no Interactive Transcript. Ratings have been disabled for this video. Published on Sep 23, 2012 by tbsnewsi. 台湾で23日、日本政府による尖閣諸島の国有化に反対するデモが行われました。
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  • ヘルプ
日本茶の新しい味わい方を紹介しようと、境町の製茶加工販売・野口徳太郎商店が25日、日本茶カフェ「茶太郎'sCafe やまの」をオープンす る。地元名産のさしま茶を使ったアイスなどのスイーツのほか、緑茶ソースのパスタといったオリジナルメニューで、様々なお茶の魅力が楽しめる。
 メニューは、スイーツのコースとセットの2種類。コースはスイーツ3品と飲み物4品で1575円。ほうじ茶のゼリーがのったムースをはじめ、緑茶 が入ったパウンドケーキ、さしま茶アイスなどが次々と登場する。おなかがすいている人のために、プラス315円で、緑茶のソースを使った「和パスタ」や茶 飯の焼きおにぎりなども用意した。
(2012年9月25日  読売新聞)

2012年9月24日 星期一

養老業擴張 大往生したけりゃ医療とかかわるな] 中村 仁一 (著)

TOKYO (Nikkei)--Major nursing home operators are using ample revenues from admissions fees to build new facilities in an effort to meet growing demand from Japan's rapidly growing ranks of elderly people.

作者到養老院12年的經驗談: 自然生死最好

大往生したけりゃ医療とかかわるな (幻冬舎新書) [新書]

中村 仁一

大往生したけりゃ医療とかかわるな (幻冬舎新書)





3人に1人はがんで死ぬといわれているが、医者の手にかからずに死ねる人はごくわずか。中でもがんは治療をしなければ痛まないのに医者や家族に治療を勧め られ、拷問のような苦しみを味わった挙句、やっと息を引きとれる人が大半だ。現役医師である著者の持論は、「死ぬのはがんに限る」。実際に最後まで点滴注 射も酸素吸入もいっさいしない数百例の「自然死」を見届けてきた。なぜ子孫を残す役目を終えたら、「がん死」がお勧めなのか。自分の死に時を自分で決める ことを提案した、画期的な書。

2012年9月21日 星期五

a Smoldering Dispute 東京千人反中遊行 中國100多個城市反日遊行 暴民重創日商 日本向中國提出抗議

東京千人反中遊行 赴中國駐日使館抗議 【15:35】





Claims to the uninhabited islands known as Senkaku or Diaoyu are complicated by past bitterness and modern interdependency between China and Japan.

Sleepy Islands and a Smoldering Dispute

A clash over the islands known as Senkaku or Diaoyu, above, has set off worries about the effect on business ties between China and Japan.


Kyodo News, via Associated Press

這種矛盾的情緒,實際也象徵著中日兩國再次圍繞主權之爭產生摩擦的時候,雙方面臨的困境與不確定性。東海上無人居住的爭議群島中國稱釣魚島,日本稱 尖閣諸島。兩國都不能表現出絲毫放棄主權主張的意願,這種主權訴求充分反映了自日本野蠻侵華以來,兩國之間複雜的歷史關係。但是,他們也不能忽略更晚近一 些的歷史,這段時期,商業往來使雙方暫時擱置了政治芥蒂,建立起了對兩國經濟發展都至關重要的貿易和投資網絡。
東京早稻田大學(Waseda University)的中國問題專家森和子(Kazuko Mori)說,“日中關係中存在的巨大矛盾,就是政治和經濟的發展完全背道而馳。”
日本財政部(Finance Ministry)的信息顯示,中國是日本去年最大的貿易夥伴,而日本則是美國之後的中國第二大貿易夥伴。日本一個遊說團體稱,日本還是中國最大的海外投資者,日本公司直接或間接僱傭的中國員工大約有1000萬人。
日本在科技領域仍然佔據絕對優勢地位,使它得以為中國工廠提供大部分的生產機器,以及很多中國製造的產品中的核心部件,正是這些因素讓中國的崛起成 為可能。而日本在困境中掙扎的電子公司則越來越依賴於將產品出售給中國低成本的製造商,這些製造商在很多自己生產的高科技產品中都使用了日本製造的存儲器 芯片、顯示屏板及其他部件。
iPhone 5就是其中一個例子。雖然iPhone 5在中國組裝完成,但其中最複雜的零部件大部分都是由東芝(Toshiba)和東電化(TDK)等日本公司提供的。日本的新聞報道稱,正因為包含了如此多 的日本元素,近期的反日抗議活動中,甚至有人呼籲把iPhone當做日貨進行抵制。
“我們在島嶼的主權上有爭議,”本周在東京一家出售價格低廉的中國服裝的商店購物的美澤幸子(Sachie Misawa)說,“但買衣服完全是另外一回事。中國製造的產品物美價廉,所以我是個忠實客戶,特別是買內衣的時候。”
短期看來,此類情緒也許會有助於衝突的降溫。但是,美國聖母大學(University of Notre Dame)研究中國政府和抗議活動的學者許田波(Victoria Hui)認為,問題是,中國政府似乎並沒有一個針對爭端的簡單退出策略。除非日本放棄對釣魚島的控制(事實上不太可能),否則中國政府就沒有什麼勝利可 言,而這會讓中國顯得軟弱。
日本最大的的商業遊說團體經濟團體聯合會(Keidanren)主席米倉弘昌(Hiromasa Yonekura)周三對記者說,“我們必須讓經濟關係回到正軌。”他的北京之行因為抗議活動而被取消。
中國新聞媒體剛剛發佈的數據顯示,兩國的貿易發展可能已經在放緩。海關總署(General Administration of Customs)公布的數據顯示,中日貿易去年增長了14.3%,但在今年前八個月中,貿易額卻減少了1.4%,降至2187億美元。雖然官員們稱,出現 這種情況部分是因為世界經濟放緩,但他們認為政治問題也產生了影響。政府表示,日本在華投資增長也在放緩,今年前八個月增長率只有16%,而去年同期投資 增長達到50%,原因是日本公司想要到勞動力更廉價、沒有敏感外交問題的國家投資。
“中國和日本是互相需要,但說實話,日本更需要中國,”東京亞細亞大學(Asia University)教授與川和夫(KazuoYukawa,音譯)說。“所以日本人感到左右為難。他們想要捍衛自己的領土,但很少有人願意為此犧牲商業利益。”
在東京的一位中國旅行社代表林書英(Lin Shu Ying,音譯)近來為了赴中國日本旅行團的退單忙得不可開交。林書英認為,中國的反日抗議可能促使日本重新思考他們對中國的依賴。
“未來,中國仍然是重要的稀土來源地,”產業省一位助理課長橋本哲(Satoshi Hashimoto,音譯)說,“但我們認識到過度依賴中國是非常危險的。”
Martin Fackler自石垣島、Ian Johnson自北京報道。Makiko Inoue和Hisako Ueno自東京、Mia Li自北京對本文有報道貢獻。

 中國連8天示威 中日關係陷谷底

九一八事變八十一週年當天,全中國上百個城市的民眾發起反日示威,訴求「勿忘國恥,還我釣魚台」。圖為北京市日本大使館外的抗議民眾。在中國官方刻意壓制下,九一八當天的示威未發生如週日般嚴重的打砸搶事件。 (法新社)
逢九一八 中國123城市反日
〔編 譯林翠儀/綜合報導〕中國的反日示威活動在「九一八」達到高潮,全國超過一百二十個城市舉行示威遊行,北京日本大使館及各地領事館前超過萬人集結,由於中 國投入大批武警,群眾的行動相對受到控制。不過持續八天的示威活動,讓日中關係陷入谷底,許多交流活動紛紛宣布取消或延期,日媒傳聞預定廿七日在北京舉辦 的「中日建交四十週年紀念慶典」也可能取消。
中國警方管制 活動受控制
建交40週年紀念 可能取消
日 本民主黨代理政調會長仙谷由人等超黨派國會議員團,取消原定二十六日訪中計劃,豐田汽車社長張富士夫率領的日本企業領袖代表訪中團也縮短行程,日本相撲橫 綱白鵬取消二十四日訪中行。而原本預定十月二十七日在中國上海舉辦的「日本動漫音樂上海超級盛典」,主辦單位十八日以安全為由宣布延期。這場日本動漫音樂 演唱會配合日中建交四十週年,今年特別請到日本重量級動漫歌曲天后水樹奈奈獻出自己在中國的首唱。

 Japan: Chinese Ships Approach Disputed Islands
Voice of America (blog)
A group of Chinese government ships has entered waters near Japanese-controlled islands in the East China Sea, as a territorial dispute escalates on the sensitive anniversary of Japan's invasion of China. Japan's Coast Guard says at least 10 ...
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Japan Businesses in China Hit as Protests Rage
ABC News
Scores of Japanese-owned factories and stores in China were shuttered Tuesday as anti-Japanese demonstrations raged in dozens of cities. At stake are billions of dollars in investments and far more in sales and trade between Japan and China, the world ...
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Anti-Japan Protests Mount in China
Angry crowds across China ransacked Japanese businesses, smashed Japanese cars and pelted Tokyo's embassy in Beijing with eggs and plastic bottles in weekend protests over disputed islands in the East China Sea.









日本首相野田佳彥(Yoshihiko Noda)領導的內閣表示,會將2040年的目標“納入考慮”,但正式宣布的只是一個模糊的承諾,即在經歷了2011年福島核事故之後,當對日本經濟的未 來作出決策時,會“與當地政府及國際社會展開討論,並贏得公眾理解”。內閣決議寫道,能源政策的制定,將“富有靈活性,並以孜孜不倦的核實和二次檢查為基 礎”。
日本工商會(Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry)會長岡村正(Tadashi Okamura)在一次新聞發佈會上說,這個最後期限“首先就不是一個可行的選擇”。
日本核能監督機構,原子力資料情報室(Citizens’ Nuclear Information Center)秘書長伴英幸(Hideyuki Ban)指出,“我們只是看到政府對商界的一次又一次妥協。”
逐步退出核能的原計劃是日本國家戰略擔當大臣古川元久(Motohisa Furukawa)在上周宣布的。當時他發佈了一份題為《創新能源及環境戰略》的文件,稱日本將通過節能、使用化石燃料和加大對可再生能源的利用這三種方 法,努力在28年內停止使用核能。周三,他為內閣放棄2040年停用核能的目標進行了辯護,稱政府的本意是把這一時間點當作參考時間。
但批評人士們認為,內閣態度的轉變,使日本終止核電項目的承諾受到了進一步質疑。這種承諾在2011年7月由時任首相菅直人(Naoto Kan)首次提出。今年9月以來,菅直人的繼任者野田佳彥,一直在推動在這個能源匱乏的國家重啟已經關停的核反應堆,不過他同時也作出了“減少日本對核能 的依賴”的含糊承諾。
2011年3月發生的大規模海嘯,導致福島第一核電站(Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant)多座反應堆熔毀,大量放射物質泄露。此次災難發生前,日本30%的電力由位於全國各地的54座反應堆提供,日本還曾計劃將核能供電的比例提高 到50%。目前只有兩座核電站仍在運行,其餘均處於關閉狀態。
但商業團體批評,任何裁撤核電的舉動都是不切實際的,會敲響日本製造業的喪鐘。日本製造業面臨亞洲其他國家成本更低的對手,已經顯著喪失了競爭力。 而在日本各地,核電設施所在的社區擔心會失去政府補貼、稅收收入和就業崗位。這些地區也擔憂,核電站關停後,當地會成為乏核燃料的堆放地。
然而新設立的監管機關已經遭到了批評。首當其衝的是田中俊一(Shunichi Tanaka),他是新機構負責制定核能政策,並擁有管理權的五人委員會的負責人。
日本經濟產業大臣枝野幸男(Yukio Edano)表示,新的監管框架將確保“核電的監管者和受益者嚴格分開”。
Makiko Inoue對本文有報道貢獻。

2012年9月20日 星期四

Rimpa (琳派 Rimpa),

Distinctive Style of Japanese Art Known as Rinpa is Explored in Metropolitan Museum Exhibition
May 26, 2012– January 13, 2013

First Rotation:   May 26- September 9, 2012
Second Rotation:   September 12, 2012 – January 13, 2013
Location:   The Sackler Wing Galleries for the Arts of Japan, second floor
Press viewing:   Monday, September 10, 10 a.m. - noon

Rinpa is a modern term that refers to a distinctive style of Japanese pictorial and applied arts that arose in the early 17th century and has continued into modern times. Literally meaning “school of Korin,” Rinpa derives its name from that of the renowned artist Ogata Korin (1658–1716). It embraces art marked by a bold, graphic abbreviation of natural motifs, frequent reference to traditional court literature and poetry, lavish use of expensive mineral and metallic pigments, incorporation of calligraphy into painting compositions, and innovative experimentation with brush techniques.
The exhibition is made possible by The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Foundation.
A special exhibition featuring some 90 brilliantly executed works of art created in Japan by Rinpa-school artists will be held at The Metropolitan Museum of Art in two rotations; the first opening on May 26 and the second on September 12, 2012. Highlighting the school’s most prominent proponents, Designing Nature: The Rinpa Aesthetic in Japanese Art  will trace the development of the Rinpa style and demonstrate how it continued to influence artists through the 19th and 20th centuries. Comprising some 50 works from the Museum’s own holdings, as well as some 45 loans from public and private collections on the East Coast, the exhibition will include many masters’ renowned works in a variety of media―painting, textiles, lacquerware, and ceramics.
Works on view in the exhibition’s first rotation will include: an early 18th-century, two-panel folding screen, Rough Waves, by Ogata Korin, depicting highly stylized waves; another 18th-century, two-panel folding screen, The Persimmon Tree, by Sakai Hoitsu, the founder of the Edo branch of Rinpa, revealing the ink-painting techniques he learned from predecessors such as Tawaraya Sotatsu; and a 19th-century pair of six-panel folding screens, Morning Glories by Suzuki Kiitsu, who was Hoitsu’s primary pupil and who captured the exuberant proliferation of the blossoms and leaves.
A centerpiece of the exhibition’s second rotation will be the famous Korin Irises at Yatsuhashi (Eight Bridges), with its brilliant array of clusters of purple irises against a gold background. A hanging scroll by Kenzan, Korin’s younger brother, captures an autumnal mood through a depiction of vivid red ivy and a poem rendered in the artist’s distinctive calligraphy.  An early 17th-century screen of calligraphy by Konoe Nobutada features transcriptions by female poets of the Heian court; on loan from Yale University Art Museum, it will be on public display for the first time.
Along with once-in-a-lifetime displays of masterpieces of painting and calligraphy, the exhibition will highlight rare illustrated books, lacquerware, ceramics, cloissoné, and kimono that demonstrate how the Rinpa aesthetic was transmitted over generations into modern times. Special digital displays of illustrated books by Kamisaka Sekka will be available in the galleries so that visitors can “turn the pages” of early 20th-century books that will be exhibited in cases nearby.
By the late 19th century, the idea of a Rinpa school had become firmly established, both in the Japanese consciousness of a national history of art and internationally. To a certain extent, Rinpa became synonymous with the very idea of Japanese art, since its aesthetic extended to the lacquerware, textiles, and ceramics that were transmitted to the West. Prominent among the artists of the modern age who exemplified the transmission of this Kyoto-based aesthetic into the modern consciousness were Shibata Zeshin, a lacquer artist and painter, and Kamisaka Sekka, who excelled in both painting and print media.
The exhibition will be accompanied by a catalogue.
The catalogue is made possible by the Richard and Geneva Hofheimer Memorial Fund.
In conjunction with the exhibition, the Museum offers various education programs, including gallery talks and a Sunday at the Met on September 30.
Designing Nature: The Rinpa Aesthetic in Japanese Art  is organized by John T. Carpenter, Curator of Japanese Art in the Department of Asian Art at The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
The exhibition will be featured on the Museum’s website at www.metmuseum.org.
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September 6, 2012
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Spring Landscape, unknown Rimpa school painter, 18th century, six-screen ink and gold on paper.
Rimpa (琳派 Rimpa?), is one of the major historical schools of Japanese painting. It was created in 17th century Kyoto by Hon'ami Kōetsu (1558–1637) and Tawaraya Sōtatsu (d. c.1643). Roughly fifty years later, the style was consolidated by brothers Ogata Kōrin (1658–1716) and Ogata Kenzan (1663–1743).
The term "Rimpa" is an abbreviation consisting of the last syllable from "Kōrin" with the word for school ( ha?) (with rendaku changing this to "pa"), coined in the Meiji period. Previously, the style was referred to variously as the Kōetsu school (光悦派 Kōetsu-ha?), or Kōetsu-Kōrin school (光悦光琳派 Kōetsu-Kōrin-ha?), or the Sōtatsu-Kōrin school (宗達光琳派 Sōtatsu-Kōrin-ha?).



portion of Sōtatsu's Fūjin Raijin-zu
Hon'ami Kōetsu founded an artistic community of craftsmen supported by wealthy merchant patrons of the Nichiren Buddhist sect at Takagamine in northeastern Kyoto in 1615. Both the affluent merchant town elite and the old Kyoto aristocratic families favored arts which followed classical traditions, and Kōetsu obliged by producing numerous works of ceramics, calligraphy and lacquerware.
His collaborator, Tawaraya Sōtatsu maintained an atelier in Kyoto and produced commercial paintings such as decorative fans and folding screens. Sōtatsu also specialized in making decorated paper with gold or silver backgrounds, to which Kōetsu assisted by adding calligraphy.
Both artists came from families of cultural significance; Kōetsu came from a family of swordsmiths who had served the imperial court and the great warlords, Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyoshi, in addition to the Ashikaga shōguns. Kōetsu's father evaluated swords for the Maeda clan, as did Kōetsu himself. However, Kōetsu was less concerned with swords as opposed to painting, calligraphy, lacquerwork, and the Japanese tea ceremony (he created several Raku Ware tea bowls.) His own painting style was flamboyant, recalling the aristocratic style of the Heian period.
Sōtatsu also pursued the classical Yamato-e genre as Kōetsu, but pioneered a new technique with bold outlines and striking color schemes. One his most famous works are the folding screens ”Wind and Thunder Gods" (風神雷神図 Fūjin Raijin-zu?) at Kennin-ji temple in Kyoto and "Matsushima" ( 松島?) at the Freer Gallery.

Later development

portion of Ogata Kōrin's Kōhakubai-zu
The Rimpa school was revived in the Genroku era (1688–1704) by Ogata Kōrin and his younger brother Ogata Kenzan, sons of a prosperous Kyoto textile merchant. Kōrin's innovation was to depict nature as an abstract using numerous color and hue gradations, and mixing colors on the surface to achieve eccentric effects, as well as liberal use of precious substances like gold and pearl.
His masterpiece "Red and White Plum Trees" (紅白梅図 Kōhakubai-zu?) c. 1714/5, is now at the MOA Museum of Art in Atami, Shizuoka. A dramatic composition, it established the direction of Rimpa for the remainder of its history. Kōrin collaborated with Kenzan in painting designs and calligraphy on his brother's pottery. Kenzan remained as a potter in Kyoto until after Kōrin's death in 1716 when he began to paint professionally. Other Rimpa artists active in this period were Tatebayashi Kagei, Tawaraya Sori, Watanabe Shiko, Fukae Roshu and Nakamura Hochu.

Modern Rimpa

Rimpa was revived in 19th century Edo by Sakai Hōitsu (1761–1828), a Kanō school artist whose family had been one of Ogata Kōrin’s sponsors. Sakai published a series of 100 woodcut prints based on paintings by Kōrin, and his painting "Summer and Autumn Grasses" (夏秋草図 Natsu akikusa-zu?) painted on the back of Kōrin’s "Wind and Thunder Gods screen" is now at the Tokyo National Museum.
Paintings of the early "Rimpa" artists were anthologized in small paperback booklets such as the Korin gafu (The Korin Picture Album) by Nakamura Hochu, first published in 1806. This was followed by an original work by Sakai Hoitsu called the Oson gafu, published in 1817.
Sakai had numerous students who carried the movement forward into the late 19th century, when it was incorporated into the Nihonga movement by Okakura Kakuzo and other painters. The influence of Rimpa was strong throughout the early modern period, and even today Rimpa-style designs are popular. One later artist of note is Kamisaka Sekka.


Rimpa artists worked in various formats, notably screens, fans and hanging scrolls, woodblock printed books, lacquerware, ceramics, and kimono textiles. Many Rimpa paintings were used on the sliding doors and walls (fusuma) of noble homes.
Subject matter and style were often borrowed from Heian period traditions of yamato-e, with elements from Muromachi ink paintings, Chinese Ming dynasty flower-and-bird paintings, as well as Momoyama period Kanō school developments. The stereotypical standard painting in the Rimpa style involves simple natural subjects such as birds, plants and flowers, with the background filled in with gold leaf. Emphasis on refined design and technique became more pronounced as the Rimpa style developed.

Notable Rimpa artists


  • Leach, Bernard. Kenzan and his tradition;: The lives and times of Koetsu, Sotatsu, Korin, and Kenzan. Transatlantic Arts (1967). ASIN: B0006BPM10
  • Mizuo, Hiroshi. Edo Painting: Sotatsu and Korin (Heibonsha Survey of Japanese Art). Art Media Resources (1972). ISBN 0-8348-1011-5
  • Saunders, Rachel. "Le Japon Artistique: Japanese Floral Pattern Design of the Art Nouveau Era. From the Collection of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston." Chronicle Books (2010). ISBN 978-0-8118-7276-8
  • Stern, Harold P. Rimpa Masterworks of the Japanese Decorative School. The Japan Society (1971). ASIN B0000EEBUB
  • Stanley-Baker, Joan (1984). "Japanese Art." London: Thames and Hudson Ltd.