2015年9月28日 星期一

Abe的新三把箭有用嗎?Shinzo Abe vows to boost Japan output by 22% with new reforms

This week Shinzo Abe fired off “three new arrows” for Abenomics, his plan to revive Japan’s economy. His domestic audience will welcome talk of economic growth, social security and financial support for families. But his existing programme of structural reform has so far disappointed http://econ.st/1MvZNMD

ALL summer Shinzo Abe, Japan’s prime minister, has battled to pass...

Japan's prime minister has vowed to expand his country’s output by 22 per cent - from Y491tn to Y600tn - and said his programme of reforms was entering a second stage. Shinzo Abe, though, did not set a timeframe for hitting his new target.
Read more - Japan falls back into deflation for the first time since 2013 http://on.ft.com/1FkWRCU
(Picture by Getty)

PM seeks to turn debate back to the economy

Japan GDP Since 2000

If the rich world’s central banks are to get back to the normality they crave, their standard toolkit may not suffice. It is time to think more boldly, especially about the idea of inflation targetinghttp://econ.st/1QB4zJC

2015年9月23日 星期三

Hachikō (渋谷駅のシンボル忠犬ハチ公像)

Picture of Hachikō
Species Dog
Breed Akita Inu
Sex Male
Born November 10, 1923
near the city of Ōdate, Akita Prefecture
Died March 8, 1935 (aged 11)
Shibuya, Tokyo
Resting place National Science Museum of Japan in Ueno, Tokyo.
Nation from Japan
Known for waiting for the return of his deceased owner
Owner Hidesaburō Ueno
Appearance golden brown with cream color on upper face
Hachikō (ハチ公?, November 10, 1923–March 8, 1935), known in Japanese as chūken Hachikō (忠犬ハチ公?, "faithful dog Hachikō" ('hachi' meaning 'eight', a number referring to the dog's birth order in the litter, and 'kō', meaning prince or duke)), was an Akita dog born on a farm near the city of Ōdate, Akita Prefecture,[1] remembered for his remarkable loyalty to his owner, even many years after his owner's death.


In 1924, Hidesaburō Ueno, a professor in the agriculture department at the University of Tokyo, took in Hachikō as a pet. During his owner's life, Hachikō greeted him at the end of each day at the nearby Shibuya Station. The pair continued their daily routine until May 1925, when Professor Ueno did not return. The professor had suffered from a cerebral hemorrhage and died, never returning to the train station where Hachikō was waiting. Every day for the next nine years the golden brown Akita waited at Shibuya station.
Hachikō was given away after his master's death, but he routinely escaped, returning again and again to his old home. Eventually, Hachikō apparently realized that Professor Ueno no longer lived at the house. So he went to look for his master at the train station where he had accompanied him so many times before. Each day, Hachikō waited for the return of his owner.
The permanent fixture at the train station that was Hachikō attracted the attention of other commuters. Many of the people who frequented the Shibuya train station had seen Hachikō and Professor Ueno together each day. They brought Hachikō treats and food to nourish him during his wait.
This continued for nine years with Hachikō appearing precisely when the train was due at the station.[2]


That same year, one of Ueno's students (who had become an amateur expert on the Akita breed) saw the dog at the station and followed him to the Kobayashi home (the home of the former gardener of Professor Ueno — Kikuzaboro Kobayashi[3]) where he learned the history of Hachikō's life. Shortly after this meeting, the former student published a documented census of Akitas in Japan. His research found only 30 purebred Akitas remaining, including Hachikō from Shibuya Station.
He returned frequently to visit the dog and over the years published several articles about Hachikō's remarkable loyalty. In 1932 one of these articles, published in Tokyo Asahi Shimbun, threw the dog into the national spotlight. Hachikō became a national sensation. His faithfulness to his master's memory impressed the people of Japan as a spirit of family loyalty all should strive to achieve. Teachers and parents used Hachikō's vigil as an example for children to follow. A well-known Japanese artist rendered a sculpture of the dog, and throughout the country a new awareness of the Akita breed grew.
Eventually, Hachikō's legendary faithfulness became a national symbol of loyalty.


Hachikō died on March 8, 1935, and was found on a street in Shibuya.[4] After decades of rumors, in March 2011 scientists settled the cause of death of Hachiko. The dog had terminal cancer and a filaria infection (worms). There were also four yakitori sticks in Hachiko's stomach, but the sticks did not damage his stomach or cause his death.[5][6]
His stuffed and mounted remains are kept at the National Science Museum of Japan in Ueno, Tokyo.[7][8]

Bronze statues

In April 1934, a bronze statue in his likeness was erected at Shibuya Station (35°39′32.6″N 139°42′2.1″E), and Hachikō himself was present at its unveiling. The statue was recycled for the war effort during World War II. In 1948 The Society for Recreating the Hachikō Statue commissioned[citation needed] Takeshi Ando, son of the original artist, to make a second statue. When the new statue appeared, a dedication ceremony occurred.[9] The new statue, which was erected in August 1948, still stands and is an extremely popular meeting spot. The station entrance near this statue is named "Hachikō-guchi", meaning "The Hachikō Entrance/Exit", and is one of Shibuya Station's five exits.
The Japan Times played a practical joke on readers by reporting that the bronze statue was stolen a little before 2:00 AM on April 1, 2007, by "suspected metal thieves." The false story told a very detailed account of an elaborate theft by men wearing khaki workers' uniforms who secured the area with orange safety cones and obscured the theft with blue vinyl tarps. The "crime" was allegedly recorded on security cameras.[10]
A similar statue stands in Hachikō's hometown, in front of Ōdate Station. In 2004, a new statue of Hachikō was erected on the original stone pedestal from Shibuya in front of the Akita Dog Museum in Odate.
The exact spot where Hachikō waited in the train station is permanently marked with bronze paw-prints and text in Japanese explaining his loyalty.

Annual ceremony

Each year on April 8, Hachikō's devotion is honored with a solemn ceremony of remembrance at Tokyo's Shibuya railroad station. Hundreds of dog lovers often turn out to honor his memory and loyalty.[11][12][13]

In popular culture

Hachikō exhibited at the National Science Museum of Japan in Ueno.


Hachikō was the subject of the 1987 movie Hachi-kō (Hachikō Monogatari) ハチ公物語 (literally “The Tale of Hachiko”),[14] directed by Seijirō Kōyama, which told the story of his life from his birth up until his death and imagined spiritual reunion with his master. Considered a blockbuster success, the film was the last big hit for Japanese film studio Shochiku Kinema Kenkyû-jo.[15][16]
Hachiko: A Dog's Story,[17] released in August 2009, is an American movie starring actor Richard Gere, directed by Lasse Hallström, about Hachikō and his relationship with the professor. The movie was filmed in Rhode Island, and also featured Joan Allen and Jason Alexander.
The story and statue of Hachikō at Shibuya Statue are featured in the direct-to-video animated film Scooby-Doo! and the Samurai Sword.[citation needed]


Hachikō is also the subject of a 2004 children's book entitled Hachikō: The True Story of a Loyal Dog, written by Pamela S. Turner and illustrated by Yan Nascimbene. Another children's book, a short novel for readers of all ages called Hachiko Waits, written by Lesléa Newman and illustrated by Machiyo Kodaira, was published by Henry Holt & Co. in 2004. Hachiko Waits was released in paperback by Square Fish (an imprint of MacMillan) in 2008.[18]
Hachikō is featured prominently in the 2008 novel The Story of Edgar Sawtelle by David Wroblewski.[19] The novel revolves around the extraordinary relationship between the title character, his family and the dogs they raise.

Video Games

The statue of Hachiko is featured in the Square Enix game The World Ends With You (released in the US in April 2008) and is even part of one of the game's first missions. Statue of Hachiko in the background Also, a character referred to as Koro-chan, clearly based on Hachiko, appears in the Atlus game Persona 3.
The Samurai class in Nethack always starts the game with a little dog called Hachi, from Hachikō.


In 1994, the Culture Broadcasting Network (CBN) in Japan was able to lift a recording of Hachikō barking from an old record that had been broken into several pieces. A huge advertising campaign ensued and on Saturday, May 28, 1994, 59 years after his death, millions of radio listeners tuned in to hear Hachikō bark.[20]


A 2002 episode, Jurassic Bark, of the American animated series Futurama[21] borrows heavily from Hachikō's tale.

Similar cases

Greyfriars Bobby, a Skye Terrier in Edinburgh, Scotland, was loyal to his master long after his master's death in 1858. Until Bobby's death 14 years later, he reportedly spent every night at his master's grave.[22] A statue in memorial of Greyfriars Bobby was erected near the graveyard.
In Snake Gully, Australia, the monument Dog on the Tuckerbox exists, inspired by a bullock driver's poem, Bullocky Bill, which celebrates the life of a mythical driver's dog that loyally guarded the man's tuckerbox (lunch box) until death.
In Spain, there was a similar case. Canelo, in 1990, went with his master to Cadiz hospital in order to receive his periodic treatment of dialysis, until one day there were a series of complications and he died. However, Canelo waited for him for 12 long years until in 2002 died after being run over by an unidentified vehicle. In his honor, his name was given to a street, where a plaque was put.
Gelert, associated with the place Beddgelert in Wales. Here, the dog is alleged to have belonged to Llywelyn the Great, Prince of Gwynedd, and to have been a gift from King John of England. In this legend, Llywelyn returns from hunting to find his baby's cradle overturned, the baby missing and the dog with blood around its mouth. Imagining that it has savaged the child, Llywelyn draws his sword and kills the dog, which lets out a final dying yelp. He then hears the cries of the baby and finds it unharmed under the cradle, along with a dead wolf which had attacked the child and been killed by Gelert. Llywelyn is then overcome with remorse and he buries the dog with great ceremony, yet can still hear the dying yelp. After that day Llywelyn never smiles again.

See also


  1. ^ Kyodo News. "Hollywood the latest to fall for tale of Hachiko". The Japan Times, June 25, 2009.
  2. ^ Dog faithfully awaits return of his master for past 11 years story Posted Aug 18, 2007 by Chris V. (cgull) in Lifestyle of Digital journal. Accessed July 8, 2008
  3. ^ Bouyet, Barbara. Akita, Treasure of Japan, Volume II. Hong Kong: Magnum Publishing, 2002, page 5. ISBN 0-9716146-0-1. Accessed via Google Books April 18, 2010.
  4. ^ "Hollywood the latest to fall for tale of Hachiko," The Japan Times, June 25, 2009
  5. ^ Mystery solved in death of legendary Japanese dog http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/as_japan_faithful_dog;_ylt=At0NVbKjJVZspKka4VTiGfts_KF4;_ylu=X3oDMTM0dTBkOHFtBGFzc2V0A2FwLzIwMTEwMzAyL2FzX2phcGFuX2ZhaXRoZnVsX2RvZwRjY29kZQNwemJ1cgRjcG9zAzEEcG9zAzEEc2VjA3luX3RvcF9zdG9yaWVzBHNsawNteXN0ZXJ5c29sdmU-
  6. ^ Associated Press, "Worms, not skewer, did in Hachiko", Japan Times, 4 March 2011, p. 1.
  7. ^ Opening of the completely refurbished Japan Gallery of National Museum of Nature and Science "In addition to the best-loved specimens of the previous permanent exhibitions, such as the faithful dog Hachikō, the Antarctic explorer dog Jiro and Futabasaurus suzukii, a plesiosaurus native to Japan, the new exhibits feature a wide array of newly displayed items." 2007 The National Science Museum, Tokyo. Accessed November 13, 2007
  8. ^ Kimura, Tatsuo. "A History Of The Akita Dog". Akita Learning Center. Retrieved May 6, 2011.
  9. ^ Newman, Lesléa. Hachiko Waits. Macmillan, 2004. 91. Retrieved from Google Books on February 25, 2011. ISBN 0805073361, 9780805073362.
  10. ^ "METAL THIEVES SUSPECTED: Shibuya's 'loyal dog Hachiko' vanishes overnight". The Japan Times. April 1, 2007.
  11. ^ American Kennel Club (listed author): The Complete Dog Book: The Photograph, History, and Official Standard of Every Breed Admitted to AKC Registration, and the Selection, Training, Breeding, Care, and Feeding of Pure-bred Dogs, Howell Book House, 1985, page 269. ISBN 0-87605-463-7.
  12. ^ Ruthven Tremain, The Animals' Who's Who: 1,146 Celebrated Animals in History, Popular Culture, Literature, & Lore, Scribner, 1984, page 105. ISBN 0-684-17621-1. Accessed via Google Books August 21, 2008.
  13. ^ 74th remembrance of Hachiko, held at Hachiko Statue on YouTube
  14. ^ Hachikō Monogatari at the Internet Movie Database.
  15. ^ Anne Tereska Ciecko, Contemporary Asian Cinema: Popular Culture in a Global Frame, Berg Publishers, 2006, pages 194–195. ISBN 1-84520-237-6. Accessed via Google Books August 21, 2008.
  16. ^ Company credits for Hachikō monogatari (1987) from Internet Movie Database
  17. ^ Hachiko: A Dog's Story at the Internet Movie Database.
  18. ^ Hachiko Waits is now available in paperback. Published by Square Fish, 2008. ISBN 0312558066
  19. ^ The Story of Edgar Sawtelle: Reviews.
  20. ^ Hachiko Speaks! from petpublishing.com
  21. ^ Futurama
  22. ^ (2001-07-04) "The Story of Scotland's Most Faithful Dog", Dogs in the News. Retrieved from http://dogsinthenews.com/issues/0107/articles/010704a.htm on 2007-03-20.

External links

Akita Puppy
Akita Puppy
Did Helen Keller have a seeing-eye dog? Helen Keller did own a dog, but not a seeing-eye dog. She apparently was very impressed by the story of the famously loyal Hachikō, a Japanese dog of the Akita breed who, for nine years after his master's death, continued to make a daily trip to the train station where he had habitually greeted him. In 1937, two years after Hachikō died, Keller made a trip to the Akita Prefecture; when she mentioned that she would like such a dog, a local police department instructor made her a gift of his own Akita puppy, Kamikaze-go. When that dog died a month later, another sibling, Kenzan-go, was given to her. Helen Keller, who was born on June 27, 1880, is credited with introducing this breed to the US. Nowadays, the American akita is considered a separate breed in many places, though not in North America and Australia.
"If ever there was an angel in fur, it was Kamikaze." Helen Keller

きっと会える!大好きな人に~ハチ公と渋谷 真実の物語~
[総合]9月23日(水) 午後10:00~10:45
毎週水曜 午後10:00~
(再)翌週水曜 午後2:05~

2015年9月21日 星期一

Japan: End of the rice age

Japan’s daily rice consumption is falling — hard.

As the nation eats less rice, can it afford subsidies that have kept powerful farmers in business?

Zaha Hadid Architects has dropped out of the race. Japan scraps 2020 Olympic stadium design 誰來負擔新国立競技場的総工費2520億円

Zaha Hadid Architects has dropped out of the race to build the 2020 Olympic Stadium in Tokyo, Japan - See more at:

Japan scraps 2020 Olympic stadium design
  • 40 minutes ago
  • From the sectionAsia

File photo: An undated handout image released by Japan Sport Council on 17 July 2015 shows an artist's concept image of the new National Stadium for 2020 Tokyo Olympics designed by Iraqi-British architect Zaha Hadid
The original design has been likened to a turtle or a helmet

The Japanese government has decided to scrap its controversial design for the stadium for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said his government would "start over from zero".
The original design, by British architect Zaha Hadid, had come under criticism as estimated building costs almost doubled, reaching $2bn (£1.3bn)
Mr Abe says the new stadium will still be completed in time for the games.
However, the delay means that the stadium will no longer be ready in time for the 2019 Rugby World Cup, which Japan is also hosting.
World Rugby said it was "extremely disappointed" and was "urgently seeking further detailed clarification".
Japanese officials say the contract with Zaha Hadid's architecture firm will be cancelled, and a new design chosen within six months.
Zaha Hadid Architects said that the stadium the firm had designed could be built cost-effectively.
"It is not the case that the recently reported cost increases are due to the design," the firm said in a statement.
The real challenges were "increases in construction costs in Tokyo and a fixed deadline", it said, adding that building costs in Tokyo were higher than many other places as the risk of earthquakes meant that strict safety standards were needed.

An artist's impression of the original stadium design

Under the original plans, Tokyo's stadium would have been bigger and more expensive than any of its recent predecessors.
It drew increasing criticism as estimated costs spiralled from $1bn to $2bn.
The futuristic design of the stadium also drew attention, with architects likening it to a turtle or a bicycle helmet.
Announcing the cancellation on Friday, Mr Abe said: "I have been listening to the voices of the people and the athletes for about a month now, thinking about the possibility of a review."
"We must go back to the drawing board," he added. "The cost has just ballooned too much."
He said that he had made the decision after being assured that it was still possible to complete construction of a new design in time for the Olympics.

Zaha Hadid also designed the London Aquatics Centre for the 2012 Olympics

Dame Zaha Hadid has won several architectural awards, including the 2004 Pritzker Architecture Prize and the 2010 and 2011 Stirling Prizes.
She designed the London Aquatics Centre for the London 2012 Olympics and Paralympics, as well as Qatar's Al-Wakrah stadium for the 2022 football World Cup.
Commentators have described her projects as exuberant, extravagant and striking.
However, it is not the first time one of her designs exceeded the initial budget - the London Aquatics Centre's budget more than tripled from its initial budget of $116m (£75m).

新国立競技場の総工費が2520億円に膨らみます。下村博文・文部科学相が計画を東京都の舛添要一知事らに説明しました。財源は? 計画を維持する理由は? 疑問も膨らみます。


2015年9月20日 星期日



Japan Tokio Änderung Sicherheitspolitik Shinzo Abe
(德國之聲中文網)日本參議院上週六(9月19日)凌晨 通過了安保法案,放寬日本憲法對軍隊的限制。這意味著,自二戰結束以來,日本自衛隊將能首次在海外參與軍事行動。
《日經產業新聞》(Nikkei Business Daily)的民調結果顯示,民眾對安倍內閣的支持下降了大約6%,降至約40%。
有眾多日本民眾對安保法不滿, 舉行了大規模抗議,反對者認為,這項法案破壞了日本的和平憲法,如果美國與其它國家發生衝突,日本恐將被動地牽連其中。
Japan Tokio Proteste gegen die Sicherheitspolitik von Premierminsiter Shinzo Abe
安保法案的通過是安倍努力推動放鬆憲法對軍隊限制的一個里程碑。這是1954 日本設立自衛隊以來日本國防政策最大的改變。安倍晉三曾表示,面對中國崛起等挑戰,這是一個必要舉措。